Calories, Carbs, Fat…what do I pay attention to?


Every since I become conscious of my weight and my appearance I have worried about what it is that I am putting into my body.  Every time I pick up something at the store, or am about to eat something I’ll look up the nutrition information.  That little white rectangle perplexes me beyond many degrees.  I never know what to look at!  Should you be counting calories?  Carbs?  Total Fat? 

What should you look for on the nutrition label when deciding what to eat?

I’ve decided that it was about time that I did some research and discover what it is that we should all be looking for and what it all means.  I found a great article written by the people at Quaker Oats about how to correctly dissect a nutrition label.  Also the FDA has a very descriptive article as well!  Last but not least, this article is very informative as well.

Calories
General Guide to Calories

  • 40 Calories is low
  • 100 Calories is moderate
  • 400 Calories or more is high

Calories From Fat
I have always looked at just the Calories section and completely disregarded this second section.  When looking at a nutrition label you should try to find food that has a Calories From Fat number that is way less than the Total Calories; this means that it is low in fat and isn’t primarily made up of fat!

Fat
No more than 30% of your food intake of the day should be derived from fat.  Most fats are high in calories and should be consumed in moderation.  Eating too much fat, saturated fat, trans fat (found in vegetable shortenings, some margarines, crackers, candies, cookies, snack foods, fried foods, baked goods), cholesterol, or sodium may increase your risk of certain chronic diseases, like heart disease, some cancers, or high blood pressure (it is recommended that you keep these as low as possible).  On the other hand you need to eat plenty Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Calcium, and Iron.  Most American’s do not eat enough of these.  Use a nutrition label to your advantage and increase the good things that your body needs and reduce the bad things it doesn’t need! 

Carbs
Healthy carbs (sometimes known as good carbs) include whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables. Healthy carbs are digested slowly, helping you feel full longer and keeping blood sugar and insulin levels stable.
Unhealthy carbs (or bad carbs) are foods such as white flour, refined sugar and white rice that have been stripped of all bran, fiber and nutrients. Unhealthy carbs digest quickly and cause spikes in blood sugar levels and energy.
So when looking at the Carb count on a nutrition label, think about where those carbs are coming from!  Usually if it has a carb count, it won’t be a good carb since good carbs come from fresh veggies and fruits!

Protein!
My previous blog was entitled “Choco-holic” and I can tell you, I am the reason the made-up word was created!  I used to eat Chocolate Chip poptarts for breakfast every morning!  Once I got into college, and my classes were longer and fewer breaks in between I realized the effects of eating this kind of breakfast in the mornings!  Everyone needs protein in their diet, especially in the morning.  Protein gives us the energy to get up and go!  It is very important for your growth (maybe that’s why I’m so short, I didn’t have enough protein as a child). 

When it comes down to it, just try your best to eat the most healthiest foods possible!  When making your food or buying food, the saying “the more color the better” is always good to follow! 
Pay attention to all parts of the nutrition label, not just one section of it.  All of the information is there for a reason.  Don’t go overboard and cut all the good, tasty foods out of your life!  Everything is okay in moderation!  Remember that.  Whenever you are in doubt about something, do some research!  The internet is a great tool, so use it to your advantage!

Tip:  When going out to eat with friends and your afraid that you’ll eat too much, have an apple or healthy snack before you go out so you  won’t be as hungry!
Second Tip:  Shop the perimeter of the grocery store!  That’s where the fresh meats and fresh veggies are.

——What do you look at it when you read a nutrition label?——

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The Ugly Truth


Tip:  Don’t believe everything that you hear advertised. 

I am the biggest Subway fan probably in the whole world.  My father and I have been eating there together for the past seven years every Wednesday.  Not only that, me and my boyfriend eat there at least once a week on top of that.  AND sometimes I’ll even treat myself with a nice Subway sandwich at lunch at work.  I prefer Subway over any other fast food restaurant, and I used to like to think that you could eat anything there and it would have much less calories than a McDonald’s hamburger.

According to McDonald’s Nutrition Information, a Quarter Pounder with Cheese has 510 calories.  So in comparison to McDonald’s how much do you think my favorite sandwich at Subway has?  It is shown below, and it is an Italian BMT on Italian Herbs and cheese with lettuce, tomato, onions, green peppers, black olives, banana peppers, jalapenos, American cheese, oil, vinegar, and light mayo.

This sandwich has approximately 600 calories according to Subway’s Nutrition Information.  Can you believe that?  This sandwich has MORE calories than a Quarter Pounder with Cheese at McDonald’s.

This sandwich has around 20 grams of fat, 1500 mg of sodium, and 47 carbohydrates.
While the Quarter Pounder with cheese has 26 grams of fat, 1190 mg of sodium, and 40 carbohydrates.

I’m not saying that you should choose a greasy hamburger over a yummy fresh sandwich, but don’t think that you are always making the healthier decision.  You just have to make sure that you watch what you put on a sandwich because sometimes those are the things that add up (for example, this sandwich has much more calories because of the special bread, mayo, oil and vinegar).

No matter the calories, I will always choose Subway.  🙂